Category Archives: Wheat

Grain Variety Picks for Texas High Plains, 2020-2021 & Texas High Plains Wheat Production Summary, 2019-2020

Jourdan M. Bell, Assistant Professor and Agronomist, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension and Research, Amarillo, (806) 677-5600, jourdan.bell@ag.tamu.edu 2019-2020 Cropping Season in Review Variable rainfall in August and September resulted in varying planting conditions across the Texas High Plains. Some fields were planted with replenished soil moisture while other fields were dry sowed. October 2019 rains delivered valuable moisture for the region’s wheat crop. There was minimal winter precipitation through the central and northern Panhandle resulting in another dry winter. A prolonged winter drought resulted in many producers pulling… Read More →

Late-season Weed Control in Wheat

Dr. Calvin Trostle, Extension Agronomy, TAMU Soil & Crop Sciences, Lubbock, TX (806) 723-8432, ctrostle@ag.tamu.edu Wheat farmers in the Rolling Plains, Concho Valley, and especially the High Plains, may have enough time to implement some late-season weed control in problem fields. For some farmers, earlier weed control with 2,4-D products may have given incomplete control for mustards, London rocket, kochia, etc. As many farmers across Texas know there is always some risk using growth-regulator type herbicides in wheat due to injury potential on grain yield. These herbicides include… Read More →

Slight chance of vernalization issues in late-planted wheat: West Central Texas

Reagan Noland – Assistant Professor & Extension Agronomist, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, San Angelo, TX Substantial wheat acreage in West Central Texas was planted later than normal, largely due to very dry fall conditions. Much of the region received less than 1 inch of rain through September and October combined, compared to the average >5 inches (Figure 1). Depending on the timing of planting relative to isolated rain events in November and December, some wheat did not emerge until late December or possibly early January. Average temperatures… Read More →

Guidelines for 2,4-D Use in Wheat

Dr. Calvin Trostle, Extension Agronomy, Dept. of Soil & Crop Sciences, Texas A&M AgriLife/Texas A&M University, Lubbock, 806-746-6101, ctrostle@ag.tamu.edu In 2015 I wrote about sensitivity of small grains—wheat specifically—to 2,4-D products, dicamba, and MCPA. I noted a handy guide from Purdue University that explained the differences between 2,4-D amines and 2,4-D esters, which discussed the pros and cons of these two formulations. You can review that earlier newsletter at https://agrilife.org/texasrowcrops/2015/03/04/24-d-and-sensitivity-in-small-grains/ The link noted there for the Purdue guide is https://mdc.itap.purdue.edu/item.asp?itemID=18343 (or directly from https://www.panna.org/sites/default/files/2,4-D%20Amine%20or%20Ester%202004-Purdue.pdf) 2,4-D and Sensitivity in… Read More →

Fine-tuning dual-use wheat management for forage and grain production

Morgan N. McCulloch1 and Reagan L. Noland2 1. Agronomy Program Aide, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, San Angelo, TX 2. Assistant Professor & Extension Agronomist, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, San Angelo, TX Dual-use wheat management is a common practice to optimize production of wheat as both a forage and grain crop, but Texas producers lack specific management information for this system. When managing wheat as both a forage and/or grain crop, specific grazing intensity immediately prior to jointing (first hollow stem) can influence a tradeoff between forage… Read More →

A Checklist for the 2019-2020 Texas Wheat Crop

  Submitted by Dr. Calvin Trostle, Extension Agronomy, Lubbock, 806-746-6101, ctrostle@ag.tamu.edu; December 4, 2019   Essentially all the Texas wheat crop is in the ground. This includes wheat for grazing or grain (or both). Abnormally dry and moderate drought conditions exist across much of central Texas, but fortunately most of the High Plains wheat production region has seen dry conditions alleviate since the end of September. I still have a little wheat left to drill. There are still a few scattered acres likely in the High Plains that… Read More →

Texas Rolling Plains Pick’s List for 2019-2020

Emi Kimura, Extension Agronomist, Vernon, TX 2018-2019 Cropping Season in Review Rolling Plains wheat season started with very wet condition in September 2018 all the way to the end of October 2018. There were only a few days in October that producers were able to work in their fields due to the wet field conditions. Planting was delayed to November to December. Although field conditions during November to February were relatively dry across the Rolling Plains, precipitation received in March and April helped to increase yield potential. Rust… Read More →

Wheat Variety Grain Picks for Texas-2019-2020

Dr. Calvin Trostle, Extension Agronomy, TAMU Soil & Crop Sciences, Lubbock, (806) 723-8432, ctrostle@ag.tamu.edu Dr. Brandon Gerrish, Extension small grains program specialist, TAMU Soil & Crop Sciences, College Station, (207) 432-1481, branman80@tamu.edu   Texas A&M AgriLife staff in College Station, Amarillo/Lubbock, Vernon, Lubbock, and Corpus Christi have designated our annual wheat grain variety “Picks” for the 2019-2020 growing season for four distinct variety testing regions of Texas.  These are the High Plains, Rolling Plains (Chillicothe/Vernon region in the north to south of Abilene), Blacklands & Northeast Texas, and… Read More →

High Yielding Wheat Cultivars Extract Soil Water from Deeper Soil Depths

Sushil Thapa1, Jourdan Bell2, Qingwu Xue1, and Jackie Rudd2 Texas A&M AgriLife Research1 and Extension2 at Amarillo Winter wheat is a major crop for grain and forage production and is managed under both dryland and irrigated conditions in the U.S. Southern High Plains. Wheat yield and water-use efficiency (the ratio of yield to evapotranspiration, ET) in the area are primarily limited by soil water deficit from late spring to early summer. Therefore, the effective use of soil water, which is from soil water storage at planting as well… Read More →