Category Archives: Uncategorized

On-Line Calculator to get Texas A&M Soil Test Recommendations based on Other Labs’ Test Values

Dr. Calvin Trostle, Extension Agronomy/TAMU Dept. of Soil & Crop Sciences, Lubbock, (806) 746-6101, Dr. Tony Provin, Extension Soil Testing,/TAMU Dept. of Soil & Crop Sciences, College Station, (979) 845-4816, May 4, 2021 Texas farmers have many choices for laboratories conducting their soil analyses.  If you work with a fertilizer dealer, they may collect your soil samples, pay for analysis, and draw from the information to make recommendations.  This is fine, just know there is a possible conflict of interest (sales).  If someone does your soil… Read More →

Guar & Crop Insurance—USDA-RMA Feasibility Study:  Follow-up

Dr. Calvin Trostle, Extension Agronomy, TAMU Dept. of Soil & Crop Sciences, Lubbock, (806) 746-6101,   Last September I noted the process underway to study the potential for guar to be added as a program crop for federal crop insurance.  That earlier report is at   USDA Risk Management Agency is currently administering a contract with Agralytica, Alexandria, VA to evaluate the feasibility of a guar crop insurance program.  This has included face-to-face visits with farmers, documenting perils the crop may face, etc.  Texas A&M AgriLife… Read More →

Next “First Tuesday” Statewide Hemp Zoom Update from Texas A&M AgriLife

  Dr. Calvin Trostle, Professor & Extension Agronomist/AgriLife State Hemp Specialist, TAMU Dept. of Soil & Crop Sciences, Lubbock, (806) 746-6101, April 26, 2021 We will continue the statewide Zoom updates we began in March.  I originally planned for “Third Thursday,” but there was a major conflict.  The May update will be Tuesday, May 4, 5:15-6:30 PM Central Time.  We will continue this throughout the summer at the same time on the first Tuesday.  (If this is a poor timing for many hemp growers and industry staff,… Read More →

Freeze Damage and the Texas Wheat Crop

  Dr. Calvin Trostle, Extension Agronomy, TAMU Dept. of Soil & Crop Sciences, Lubbock, (806) 746-6101, Dr. Fernando Guillen-Portal, State Extension Small Grains Specialist, TAMU Dept. of Soil & Crop Sciences, College Station, (979) 845-4826, February 26, 2021       The cold temperatures in Texas in February’s cold snap range from as low as -12° F in the Panhandle to mid-single digits as far south as the Austin region.  A few locations in Texas set all-time low records (Tyler, TX for one).  Lubbock recorded -6°… Read More →

2020 Hemp Variety Testing Wrap-Up & 2021 Trials

Hemp variety trial results at San Angelo (cannabinoids) and Lubbock (cannabinoids and fiber) will be completed shortly after the first of the year.  I will detail results in my January hemp newsletter.  Results will also be posted at  AgriLife will update program information for the 2021 round of variety trials in January.  In addition to test sites offered in 2020 (Lubbock, San Angelo, College Station, Commerce), at least one additional fee-based test site will be offered in South Texas mostly likely Weslaco in the Lower Rio Grande… Read More →

Harvest Weed Seed Control Tactics Can Aid Herbicide Programs in Managing Italian Ryegrass in Texas wheat

  Aniruddha Maity1, Blake Young1, David Drake2, and Muthukumar Bagavathiannan1 1Department of Soil and Crop Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843 2Integrated Pest Management Extension Agent, Commerce, TX   Italian ryegrass has been a persistent problem in wheat production in the Texas Blacklands. Great adaptability, profuse tillering, and high seed production make this a troublesome weed. Rapid development and spread of resistance to some of the important herbicides warrants the development of additional interventions for its control. As this species reproduces by seed, a seedbank in… Read More →

Later Winter Oats to Bridge Forage Shortfall

In much of the Texas High Plains wheat pasture conditions are poor.  There is likely a substantial shortfall in the grazing and hay from wheat.  In previous years, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension has suggested farmers consider planting medium to long maturity oats, particularly for hay, to recapture needed forage for livestock.   At some point in the Texas High Plains, there is substantial potential that any late-planted winter wheat will not receive the needed hours/days of cold weather, the chilling requirement, to ensure the transition from vegetative to… Read More →

Guar & Crop Insurance:  USDA-RMA Feasibility Study

Dr. Calvin Trostle, Extension Agronomy, TAMU Dept. of Soil & Crop Sciences, Lubbock, (806) 746-6101, September 9, 2020 Guar is arguably the most heat-tolerant, drought-tolerant summer annual row crop grown in Texas.  Current production regions are the South Plains and the northern Rolling Plains.  For information on guar production resources for these drier regions of Texas view   In Fall 2018 USDA’s Risk Management Agency (RMA) initiated a review of ~100 minor fruit, vegetable, and other crops for possible study for federal program crop insurance.  AgriLife… Read More →

Crop Progress Report

USDA Crop progress report for peanuts in the US showed an improvement of 3 points from last week between Excellent and Good.  Excellent and good conditions improved from 72% to 75% (Graph 1).  This condition is also 6 points better that last year at this time of the season.  On the other hand, Texas crop report is 6 points below the US average (69%), mostly due to the dry and hot weather during this summer.  Crop condition in Texas at this time of the year is below 2019… Read More →


Emi Kimura, Assistant Professor and Extension Agronomist Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, Vernon, TX   2019-2020 Cropping Season in Review Texas Rolling Plains wheat season started with hot and dry conditions in the fall 2019.  Soil temperature was not optimum for planting wheat until the first week of October.  Dry months continued to the end of December, which reduced winter forage productivity throughout the Texas Rolling Plains.  Dryland wheat gradually improved with the spring precipitation during January to March.  Late-freezes in mid-April resulted in the freeze injury… Read More →