Category Archives: 2022

Two (Uncommon) Foliar Diseases Seen on Fall Corn

In October, I visited a field of corn in Jackson County.  Plants had dark brown, circular spots on stalks and the midribs of leaves (Figure 1).  Associated with the dark spots on the midrib were smaller spots on the leaf blade that looked like southern rust.  There also was a repeating pattern associated with these spots.  The disease was Physoderma brown spot, caused by the fungus Physoderma maydis.  I confirmed it by examining spores from spots under the microscope.  Previously, the only time I’ve seen this disease was… Read More →

Texas A&M AgriLife Sorghum Tips

If it Finally Rains—Late Seeding Sorghum/Sudan for Hay The drought across Texas is acute.  I travelled across the state July 20-22.  Only near Beaumont did pasture and range look somewhat satisfactory.  Reports indicate forage is in short supply in Texas.  Prices for hay are up and may climb more.  Some livestock producers are reducing herd size or even selling all cattle. We do not know when it will rain.  The long-term National Weather Service forecast for Texas projects continued dry conditions into Fall.  For the next 7 days… Read More →


2021-2022 Cropping Season in Review The wheat season was brutal to wheat growers in the Texas Rolling Plains.  Depending on the planting timing, many fields received very little rainfall during the growing season until May 2022.  The yield potential was set for wheat by the time we received the first significant rainfall for the season. Forage production was drastically reduced or completely lost in the small grain pastures, while many dryland wheat fields were abandoned due to the severe drought condition.  Increased incidents of spider mites were reported… Read More →

Industrial Hemp Update

Next Texas A&M AgriLife “First Tuesday” Hemp Zoom Update Our next meeting is Tuesday, July 5, 5:15-6:30 PM. Register in advance for this meeting: After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the meeting. It has been a hot summer for hemp… Temperatures in much of Texas couple with lack of rainfall in many areas is making hemp production tough.  What we are experiencing this year in cannabinoid, fiber, and grain hemp is not unlike conditions in the Yuma, AZ area in 2021. … Read More →

Late Planting of Grain Sorghum Across Texas?

This item was first prepared for Texas Grain Sorghum Association’s “Sorghum Insider” South & Coastal Texas With record high prices on grain sorghum in much of Texas, some have wondered if the prices might stir interest in Central & South Texas of planting a mid-and late summer sorghum crop for fall production.  Texas A&M AgriLife does not have data on the potential for these crops if planted in Central Texas, the Coastal Bend, and far South Texas.  Historically this has never been a practice.  AgriLife Extension agents Vidal… Read More →

Pricing for 2022 Summer Texas Crops—Some at Record Highshs

This document provides recent market and contract pricing and contacts for a dozen Texas crops.   Prices for major commodity crops corn, cotton, and grain sorghum are especially strong at this point in 2022.  AgriLife Extension economists Dr. John Robinson, cotton, and Dr. Mark Welch, corn and sorghum,, are writing and speaking frequently on high prices and strategies for crop marketing.   The February 2022 invasion of Ukraine has shaken world markets especially for wheat.  Ukraine is a large exporter of winter wheat.  The country also… Read More →

Nine Considerations to Guide 2022 Fertilizer Decisions in Summer Crops

Fertilizer prices across Texas have nearly doubled since this time last year.  High natural gas prices and high commodity crop prices do not appear to explain fully the price increase for N, P, and other fertilizer nutrients.  P fertilizers may have supply issues.  Nitrogen fertilizers appear likewise.  Transportation / distribution costs and delays have also contributed to the problem.   Also, according to Dr. Mark Welch,, AgriLife Extension grains economist, College Station, high commodity prices often enable farm suppliers to justify raising prices on inputs.  Depending on… Read More →

Texas A&M AgriLife Hemp Projects for 2022

    Funding is very limited for any hemp work this year.  I have received neither inquiries nor funding for any cannabinoid work so at this time I will not be planting any CBD variety trials.  Here are the current projects and locations.  If you wish to learn more about any of these trial sites, please e-mail me.   Fiber & Grain Variety Yield Trial—Texas A&M AgriLife, Lubbock, 33.5° N   Fifteen hemp fiber and grain varieties have been chosen by Trostle for planting three-rep randomized trials to… Read More →

Herbicide Management in Corn and Forage Sorghum Silage Crops

Jourdan Bell, Kevin Heflin, Vanessa Corriher-Olsen, and Pete Dotray   In response to increasing silage demands, Texas producers are growing more corn and forage sorghum for silage.  In recent years, some producers are also making late season decisions to harvest corn intended for grain as silage due to favorable silage markets. As producers make preplant agronomic decisions, it is important to select herbicides that are labeled for the silage crops if there is a contingency plan to chop a grain crop for silage.   Although it is commonly… Read More →

USDA Texas Direct Hay Report—Bi-weekly Current Hay Prices

USDA publishes a summary of current Texas hay prices every two weeks.  This is useful for hay growers and buyers for a snapshot of current prices.  The next report will be posted March 4, 2022, at   Reports divide Texas into four regions for pricing:  Panhandle, Central, South, and West.  The current edition provides current market prices for alfalfa (including different grades of supreme/premium/good), bermudagrass, sorghum (meaning sorghum/sudan, not grain sorghum stalks), and wheat hay. Some prices are per ton (preferred).  Others are based on bale size… Read More →