Rolling Plains Picks List for the 2016-2017 Growing Season

  PICKS LIST FOR 2016-2017 GROWING SEASON

The AgriLife Extension Wheat Picks list was selected based on the Rolling Plains Uniform Variety Trial (UVT) coordinated by the AgriLife Research and Extension personnel. Our ongoing Picks criteria include a minimum of three years of data in Texas A&M AgriLife Rolling Plains wheat variety trials across multiple annual locations. A “Pick” variety means this: given the data, these are the varieties we would choose to include and emphasize on our farm for wheat grain production. Picks are not necessarily the numerical top yielders as important disease resistance traits (leaf or stripe rust, wheat streak mosaic virus), insect tolerance (greenbugs, Russian wheat aphid), or standability can also be important varietal traits that enable a producer to better manage potential risk. We look for consistency of yields, e.g. the regularity with which an individual variety is in the top 25% of yield at each location.

 

*Photos for each variety are available at following “In-Blog” Wheat Field Day blog posts.

April 12, 2016: Lockett, TX (Click HERE)

April 29, 2016: Electra, TX (Click HERE)

May 13, 2016: Oklaunion, TX (Click HERE)

May 25, 2016: Seymour, TX (Click HERE)

 

 

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The yield trend figure under the variety description was generated from dryland wheat variety trial data over the past years in the Rolling Plains. It can be interpreted in such a way that if an orange line is above gray line in a given year, it indicates that yield of the variety for the particular year is above average. If orange line is consistently above gray line across multiple years, it means the variety performs consistently well and is adapted to the environment in the Rolling Plains. It is important to pay attention to the yield response of each variety for multiple years rather than single year.


Greer

  • Syngenta (2010) release
  • Medium maturity and semidwarf height
  • Produce early fall and spring forage. Good dual purpose wheat
  • Can produce low test weight under hot/dry conditions
  • “Picks List” in 2015
  • Susceptible to Leaf Rust; Excellent stripe rust resistance
  • Pedigree: Agripro/Syngenta experimental

Greer

(**Mean of the year indicates an average yield of all 40 varieties entered into the trial for the year).

TAM 114

  • Texas A&M AgriLife (2014) release
  • Medium maturity/medium height
  • “Picks list” in 2015
  • Dual purpose variety positioned for grain only to heavy grazing
  • Good stripe and leaf rust resistance
  • Pedigree: TAM111, TAM200, and TX and NE experimental

TAM114


WB Cedar

  • Monsanto (2011) release
  • Early maturity/medium to short height
  • Not well suited for fall grazing
  • Good stripe and leaf rust resistance
  • Pedigree: TAM302, experimental with 2180

WBCedar


Gallagher

  • OSU (2013) release
  • Medium maturity/medium height
  • Tolerate heavy grazing pressure. Good dual purpose wheat
  • Moderately resistant to leaf rust and resistant to stripe rust and stem rust
  • Pedigree: Duster, Oklahoma experimental that includes 2180

Gallagher


WB 4458

  • Monsanto (2013) Release
  • Medium early maturity/medium height
  • Tolerates limited grazing
  • Moderately susceptible to leaf rust, moderately resistant to stripe rust, and resistant to stem rust
  • Pedigree: Overly, westbred experimental

WB 4458


TAM 304

  • TAMU (2007)
  • Medium early maturity/short height
  • Below average test weight
  • Good straw strength
  • Resistant to leaf rust, moderately resistant to strip rust, and resistant to stem rust
  • Pedigree: Pioneer germplasm

    TAM 304


CHANGES MADE IN PICKS LIST

There was one change in the Picks list for 2016-2017 as compared to a Picks list for 2015-2016. TAM 305 was replaced with WB Cedar and WB 4458 for 2016-2017 Picks list. TAM 305 is still good variety; however, grain yields of WB Cedar and WB 4458 are consistently better than TAM 305 in UVT trials during the past three years in the Rolling Plains.

 

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Watch list

Based on 2014 -2016 harvest data, a ‘Watch list’ was created (Table 2). The variety in Watch list was not included in the Picks list because there was not enough years of data; however, yield data from past two years show high potential in the Rolling Plains.

Table 3

 

Bentley

  • OSU (2015) Release
  • Medium early maturity/tall height
  • Only two years data available from UVT
  • Equal to or slightly better than Iba for drought tolerance
  • Tolerate late winter freeze
  • Heat-sensitive germination
  • No disease record from TAMU as of July 2016
  • Should not be harvested late due to the below-average test weight at late harvesting

SY Grit

  • Syngenta (2016) Release
  • Moderately resistance to leaf and stripe rust.
  • Resistance to BYDV and SBMV.Medium maturity/Medium height

 


OTHER NOTEWORTHY VARIETIES

Winterhawk

  • Monsanto (2007) Release
  • Medium maturity (A few days earlier than Jagalene)
  • Provide good fall forage. Good dual purpose wheat.
  • Excellent drought tolerance.
  • Moderately susceptible to leaf rust, moderately resistant to stripe rust, and susceptible to stem rust

T 158

  • Limagrain (2009) Release
  • Medium maturity/medium height
  • High winter survival
  • Good test weight
  • Susceptible to acid soil
  • Moderately susceptible to leaf rust, moderately resistant to stripe rust, and susceptible to stem rust

TAM 305

  • TAMU (2013) Release
  • Early medium maturity/short height
  • Good dual purpose wheat under irrigated condition. Produce early forage.
  • Resistance to shatter
  • Resistant to leaf and stripe rust.

Jackpot

  • Syngenta (2008) Release
  • Medium maturity/semi-dwarf height
  • Lower than average yield observed in 2015
  • Resistance to stripe rust; very susceptible to leaf rust

AWNLESS VARIETIES

SY Razor

  • Syngenta (2014) Release
  • Medium maturity awnless wheat/medium short height
  • Provide good fall grazing
  • Lower than average winter survival
  • Resistant to leaf and stripe rust

TAM 401

  • TAMU (2008) Release
  • Early maturity awnless wheat/semi-dwarf height
  • Excellent early forage production
  • Resistant to stripe and stem rust. Moderately resistant to leaf rust.

TAM 204

  • TAMU (2014) Release
  • Medium late maturity awnless wheat/medium short height
  • Excellent for graze-out system with good fall cover
  • Moderately susceptible to leaf rust, moderately resistant to stripe rust, and resistant to stem rust.
  • Best insect package: Resistant to hessian fly, wheat curl mite, and green bug
  • Pedigree: TAM 112, Pecos, Jagger, and Mason

Weathermaster 135

  • Unknown (Unknown) Release
  • Medium maturity awnless wheat
  • Moderately resistant to leaf rust, moderately susceptible to strip rust, and susceptible to stem rust

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