1. Hogs were first brought to the United States by:
(A) Hernando de Soto in 1539
(B) Christopher Columbus in 1492
(C) A disillusioned wildlife biologist in 1937
2. Feral hog populations with domestic ancestry are the most common morphotype found in the United States:
3. The first pure “Russian” wild boars were brought into the United States in:
(A) New Hampshire
4. Feral hogs, Russian wild boars and their crosses exist in how many states?
5. The feral hog is classified as a game animal in:
(C) New Mexico
6. The state with the largest feral hog population is:
7. Feral hogs are carriers for both swine brucellosis and pseudo- rabies:
8. Average litter size for feral hog sows is:
9. Feral hogs (Sus scrofa) are members of the family Suidae and include feral hogs, European wild boars and their crosses.
10. The best developed sense in feral hogs is:
11. Feral hogs are omnivores, meaning they feed on a variety of both plant and animal matter.
12. Feral hogs have been known to feed on:
(A) young lambs and kid goats
(C) quail and turkey eggs
(D) all of the above
13. Feral hogs and javelina are closely related.
14. Legal control methods for feral hogs in Texas include:
(C) catch dogs
15. The only states where pure Russian wild boars may still exist are:
(A) Hawaii and South Carolina
(B) Tennessee and North Carolina
(C) Texas and New Hampshire
16. Feral hogs are good to eat.
17. What is a hog shield?
(A) a particular hog’s family coat of arms
(B) a thick brush hideaway build for protection
(C) a tough shoulder hide
18. Should I stock feral hogs on my property?
(B) Absolutely not
(C) Only if you want to win the admiration of surrounding landowners
19. What are some good baits to attract feral hogs to traps?
(A) Corn and milo
(B) Horse and mule feed
(C) Raspberry flavored jello
(D) All of the above
20. A two day, everything you wanted to know about feral hogs in Texas seminar is planned for March 24-25, 1993 at the YO Hilton in Kerrville, Texas.
How did you do? A total of 16-20 correct answers and you qualify as a “hogologist”. 11-15 correct answers and you are above average and can “root” with the best of ’em. 6-10 correct answers and you may need to sign up for Feral Hogs 101. Less than 6 correct answers and well, don’t go into the hawg woods alone!
(A) Hernando de Soto is credited with bring the first true pigs to the Atlantic Coast of Florida.
(True) Feral hogs are the most numerous, followed by feral hog-wild boar crosses. Russian wild boars are the rarest morphotype in the U.S.
(A) Austin Corbin introduced the first pure Russians in to a 20,000 acre enclosure in Sullivan County, New Hampshire in 1890.
(B) However, transitional populations may occasionally stray “over the line” into 2 or 3 additional states.
(B) The feral hog is the number 1 big game animal in California. Although not a game animal in Texas, a hunting license is required to hunt or trap them.
(A) Texans can boast of having the largest feral hog population with 1-2 million, followed by Florida (500,000) and California (100,000 – 200,000).
(True) Feral hogs are carriers of both swine brucellosis and pseudorabies, as well as tuberculosis and hog cholera.
(A) However, in exceptionally good years of food availability, litter size may be larger. Females first breed at 8-10 months, and usually have two litters per year. Young are born in a one-to-one ratio.
(True) All feral hogs fall into one of these 3 categories.
(C) Although the sense of smell is their best defense, hearing is also well developed, eyesight comes in third, but it’s not as bad as many people think!
(True) One reason feral hogs (a.k.a. “buzzards of the forest”) have been so successful is because of their appetite for almost anything.
(D) Their impact on livestock and wildlife has been documented. Several studies are underway to determine the extent of their damage on ground nesting birds.
(False) Feral hogs are true pigs while javelina belong to a different family of mammals.
(A,B,C) There are no toxicants approved for controlling feral hogs.
(C) Although pure Russians are rare, New Hampshire and Texas are the only two states where they are known to still exist.
(True) The feral hog is one of the leanest, tastiest meats. Proper field dressing followed by adequate refrigeration go along way toward the preparation of excellent bar-b-que or sausage. However, as with all pork products, meat should be thoroughly cooked before serving.
(C) The hog shield is actually scar tissue resulting from fights with other hogs. The shield becomes thicker and tougher with age.
(B) Feral hogs may cause considerable damage to pastureland, crops, etc. and otherwise create nuisance problems for surrounding landowners.
(D) Don’t laugh at the raspberry flavored jello! Several south Texas trappers swear by it!
(True) “Feral Hogs: The Good, The Bad and the Ugly” is the title of a comprehensive seminar on the feral hog in Texas. Mark your calendar and plan to attend for the latest on all aspects of the feral hog.